Academic Catalog 2020-2021 
    Jun 15, 2024  
Academic Catalog 2020-2021 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Test and Transfer Credit Information

Credit by Examination

Wayland recognizes the validity of accepting credit for specified levels of achievement on institutionally approved, standardized examinations. Such credit will be assessed and treated as transfer credit. Official score reports must be received by Wayland prior to issuing credit. Scores posted on other institutions’ transcripts will not be viewed as official nor will be granted with the exception of ACT/SAT scores which appear on official high school transcripts. Duplicate credit–such as three hours of credit in English for both ACT and CLEP credits–will not be awarded. Students pursuing the B.A., B.B.A., B.F.A., B.G.S., B.M., B.S., B.S.N., and B.S.I.S. degrees may transfer a maximum of 30 credit hours earned as Credit by Examination; students pursuing the B.C.M. and B.A.S. degrees may transfer a maximum of 42 credit hours. A grade of CR will be assigned for all credit earned by examination except that credit earned through advanced standing examinations. No fee is charged for granting credit for ACT, AP, SAT I, CEEB, or CLEP/DSST (DANTES Standardized Subject Test) scores. Students may not challenge a course in any field in which credit has been given for a more advanced course. For example, credit for SPAN 1301 will not be issued from test credit when credit for SPAN 1302 has been earned previously. Students may not challenge a course in which a grade of F has been received. Test scores will not be accepted as upper-level (3000-4000 level) academic hours. Credit will only be granted if the minimum score or grade is earned. Students who fail to meet minimum standards on credit by examination will be required to take the course as applicable to the degree program being sought. The score or grade earned by the student is not subject to appeal. A student should consult his or her academic advisor before attempting credit by examination.

ACT and SAT Examinations 

Credit may be allowed for satisfactory scores on the English and mathematics sections of the ACT and SAT examinations. Students scoring 29 or above on the ACT English section or 620 or above on the old SAT Writing section or a 34 or above on the new SAT Writing section will be given credit for ENGL 1301 - Composition and Rhetoric . Students scoring 26 or above on the ACT mathematics section or 550 or above on the old SAT Mathematics section or a 29 or higher on the new SAT Mathematics section will be given credit for MATH 1304 - College Algebra . If the student takes the exam more than once, the highest available ACT or SAT subscores in math and English will be used for credit decisions.

CLEP Examinations

Credit may be accepted for both the general and subject College Level Examination Placement (CLEP) tests. No credit will be accepted on the CLEP exam without the original score report. The minimum level acceptable for receiving credit for a CLEP exam is the C level. (View ACE recommended scores at Credit will only be granted if the minimum score or grade is earned. Students who fail to earn a minimum score or grade on any CLEP examination except the College Composition Modular may retake examinations to try to earn a minimum score or grade. If a student is ultimately unable to earn the minimum CLEP score or grade, he or she will need to take the course as applicable to the degree program being sought.

As of July 1, 2010, students who wish to receive CLEP credit in English must take the subject exam titled College Composition Modular. The exam title College Composition will not be accepted for English credit. A full-time English faculty member on the Wayland-Plainview campus will grade the essay portion of the College Composition Modular. After a student’s first term of enrollment at Wayland, the English CLEP exam (College Composition Modular) may be taken only once. This applies to both the objective and essay portions of the English CLEP exam. Effective August 1, 2017, students who successfully complete both portions of the exam will receive credit for ENGL 1301 .

Students who wish to receive CLEP credit in history must take the subject exams titled History of the United States I and History of the United States II (for six hours credit in U.S.) or Western Civilization I and Western Civilization II (for six hours credit for Western/World Civilization). The general exam titled Social Sciences and History will not be accepted for history credit.

Students who wish to receive CLEP credit in Biology or Chemistry may take the Biology or Chemistry CLEP Subject Exam. The General Examination titled Natural Sciences will not be accepted for science credit.

CLEP Exam Title Min. Grade Credit Courses
Financial Accounting 50 3 Elective only
Information Systems 50 3 Elective only
Introductory Business Law 50 3 BUAD 3318  (no upper-level credit)
Principles of Management 50 3 MGMT 3304  (no upper-level credit)
Principles of Marketing 50 3 MKTG 3312  (no upper-level credit)
Composition and Literature      
American Literature 50 6 ENGL 2302  and Elective
Analyzing and Interpreting Literature 50 6 Elective only (Imaginative Literature Elective for BAS)
College Composition Modular 50 3 ENGL 1301  
English Literature 50 6 ENGL 2301  and Elective
Humanities 50 6 Elective only
World Languages      
French Language Level I 50 8 FREN 1401  and FREN 1402  
French Language Level II 62 11 FREN 1401 , FREN 1402 , and FREN 2301  
German Language Level I 50 8 GERM 1401  and GERM 1402  
German Language Level II 63 11 GERM 1401 , GERM 1402 , and GERM 2301  
Spanish Language Level I 50 8 SPAN 1401  and SPAN 1402  
Spanish Language Level II 63 11 SPAN 1401 , SPAN 1402 , and SPAN 2301  
History and Social Sciences      
American Government 50 3 POLS 2301  
History of the United States I 50 3 HIST 2301  
History of the United States II 50 3 HIST 2302  
Human Growth and Development 50 3 PSYC 2301  
Introduction to Educational Psychology 50 3 Elective only (Social Science Elective for BAS)
Introductory Psychology 50 3 PSYC 1301  
Introductory Sociology 50 3 SOCI 1301  
Principles of Macroeconomics 50 3 ECON 2307  
Principles of Microeconomics 50 3 ECON 2308  
Social Sciences and History 50 6 Elective only (Social Science Elective for BAS)
Western Civilization I 50 3 HIST 1301  or HIST 1303  
Western Civilization II 50 3 HIST 1302  or HIST 1304  
Science and Mathematics      
Biology 50 6 Non-lab Science Elective
Calculus 50 4 MATH 2406  
Chemistry 50 6 Non-lab Science Elective
College Algebra 50 3 MATH 1304  
College Mathematics 50 3 MATH 1300  
Natural Sciences 50 6 Elective only (Social Science Elective for BAS)
Precalculus 50 3 MATH 1304  

*For Dantes Standardized Subject Test (DANTES/DSST) information, see the Bachelor of Applied Science (B.A.S.)/Associate of Applied Science (A.A.S.)  page.

CEEB Tests

Three hours of credit may be awarded for each area of the College Entrance Examination Board Test (CEEB) on which the student scores 3 or better.

Advanced Placement Examinations

Wayland participates with the College Board by granting Advanced Placement (AP) credit when the AP courses and examinations compare favorably with the standards of Wayland and its individual schools. The following chart indicates the number of credit hours and courses that correspond with each minimum AP examination score. The following AP examinations will not be accepted for credit: International English Language, Latin, Music Theory, and Physics C.

Exam Title Min. Grade Credit Courses
Art History 3 3 ART 2308  
Studio Art: Drawing 3 3 ART 1302  
Studio Art: 2-D Design 3 3 ART 2303  
Biology 3 4 BIOL 1401  
Biology 4 8 BIOL 1401  and BIOL 1402  
Chemistry 3 4 CHEM 1401  
Chemistry 4 8 CHEM 1401  and CHEM 1402  
Chinese Language & Culture 3 8 CHIN 1401  and CHIN 1402  
Chinese Language & Culture 4 11 CHIN 1401 CHIN 1402  and CHIN 2301  
Computer Science 4 3 CSCI 1311  
Computer Science Principles 3 3 CSCI 1305  
Economics - Macro 3 3 ECON 2307  
Economics - Micro 3 3 ECON 2308  
English - Language & Composition 3 3 ENGL 1301  
Environmental Science 3 3 ENVS 3301
Environmental Science 4 4 ENVS 3401  
Literature & Composition 3 3 ENGL 1301  
Literature & Composition 4 6 ENGL 1301  and ENGL 1302  
French Language & Culture 3 8 FREN 1401  and FREN 1402  
French Language & Culture 4 11 FREN 1401 FREN 1402  and FREN 2301  
German Language & Culture 3 8 GERM 1401  and GERM 1402  
German Language & Culture 4 11 GERM 1401 GERM 1402  and GERM 2301  
Government and Politics - U.S. 3 3 POLS 2301  
History - U.S. 3 3 HIST 2301  or  HIST 2302  
Latin Language & Culture 3 8 LATN 1401  and LATN 1402  
Latin Language & Culture 4 11 LATN 1401 LATN 1402  and LATN 2301  
Mathematics - Calculus AB 3 4 MATH 2406  
Mathematics - Calculus BC 3 8 MATH 2406  and MATH 2407  
Music Theory 3 8 MUSI 1401  and MUSI 1402  
Physics 1 3 4 PHYS 1401  
Physics 2 3 4 PHYS 1402  
Psychology 3 3 PSYC 1301  
Spanish Language & Culture 3 8 SPAN 1401  and SPAN 1402  
Spanish Language & Culture 4 11 SPAN 1401 SPAN 1402  and SPAN 2301  
Statistics 3 3 MATH 1306  
World History 3 3 HIST 1303  or HIST 1304  
World History 4 6 HIST 1303  and HIST 1304  

International Baccalaureate (IB) Program

Wayland Baptist University will consider credit for Higher Level (HL) examinations resulting in a grade of 4 or better on courses and examinations that compare favorably with the standards of Wayland Baptist University and its individual departments and schools. In order to receive credit, an official score report or IB transcript must be received by the university registrar. Transcripts may be obtained by written request from IB. Detailed information on ordering an IB transcript is available at To contact the IB:

International Baccalaureate North America
475 Riverside Drive, 2nd Floor
New York, NY 10115
Tel: (212) 696-4464
Fax: (212) 889-9242

The following chart indicates the course and number of credits granted based on HL examinations:

IB HL Test Min Score Credit Courses
Biology HL 5 4 BIOL 1400 *
Business and Management HL 6 3 Elective credit only
Chemistry HL 5 4 CHEM 1400 *
Chinese A1 & B1 HL 4 8 CHIN 1401  and CHIN 1402  
Chinese A1 & B1 HL 5 11 CHIN 1401 , CHIN 1402  & CHIN 2301  
Chinese A1 & B1 HL 6 14 CHIN 1401 , CHIN 1402 , CHIN 2301  & CHIN 2302  
Computer Science HL 6 3 Elective credit only
Economics HL 6 3 Elective credit only
English Language A1 HL 4 3 ENGL 1301  
English Language A1 HL 5 6 ENGL 1301  and ENGL 1302  
Film HL 4 3 Elective credit only
French A1 & B1 HL 4 8 FREN 1401  and FREN 1402   
French A1 & B1 HL 5 11 FREN 1401 , FREN 1402  & FREN 2301  
French A1 & B1 HL 6 14 FREN 1401 , FREN 1402 FREN 2301  & FREN 2302  
Geography HL 4 3 GEOG 1301  
German A1 & B1 HL 4 8 GERM 1401  and GERM 1402  
German A1 & B1 HL 5 11 GERM 1401 , GERM 1402  & GERM 2301  
German A1 & B1 HL 6 14 GERM 1401 , GERM 1402 , GERM 2301  & GERM 2302  
History HL 4 6 HIST 1303  and 3 hours of elective
Information Technology in a Global Society HL 6 3 Elective credit only
Islamic History 4 3 Elective credit only
Japanese A1 & B1 HL 4 6 JAPN 1301  and JAPN 1302  
Music HL 4 3 MUSI 1303  
Physics HL 5 4 PHYS 1401 *
Psychology HL 4 3 PSYC 1301  
Social & Cultural Anthropology HL 4 3 Elective credit only
Spanish A1 & B1 HL 4 8 SPAN 1401 and SPAN 1402   
Spanish A1 & B1 HL 5 11 SPAN 1401 , SPAN 1402  & SPAN 2301  
Spanish A1 & B1 HL 6 14 SPAN 1401 , SPAN 1402 , SPAN 2301  & SPAN 2302  
Sports, Exercise and Health Science 4 1 EXSS 1112  
Theatre HL 4 3 THEA 1303  
Visual Arts HL 4 3 ART 1301  
































*Biology, Chemistry, and Physics HL examinations will only be accepted for students who are not pursuing a major from the School of Mathematics and Sciences.

Credit is currently not awarded in the following IB areas: Classical Languages, Environmental Systems and Societies, Mathematics, Philosophy, and World Religions.

Advanced Standing Examinations

Credit for a limited number of courses is available by advanced standing examinations. Although grade points and credit hours earned through advanced standing examinations count toward the fulfillment of graduation requirements, they may not be counted toward the 30 hours of residency that must be taken at Wayland. Scholarships are not affected by student performance on these examinations.

The following procedures must be followed to ensure proper awarding of credit. Students on external campuses will coordinate these steps with the external campus executive director/dean.

  1. Advanced Standing Examination form may be obtained in the office of the registrar. 
  2. Fill out the form obtaining information from the dean of the academic school. 
  3. Pay the 1/3 tuition based on campus of record for the course in the business office.
  4. Return the form with receipt showing payment to the office of the registrar.
  5. Schedule an appointment for test administration with the dean of the academic school.
  6. After completion of the examination, the dean will report a grade to the office of the registrar. Credit is granted only if the student scores 80 or above on the examination. The student will receive as a course grade the letter equivalency of the test grade.

If the student fails the examination, he/she must enroll in the course and pay regular tuition and fees. Advanced standing examinations are not available for a course in which the student has previously received a GPA grade of F. Work completed at universities or colleges that are designated as testing schools will be evaluated using the standards of the advanced standing examination.

Transfer Credit

The University will consider for transfer collegiate-level work completed at an institution of higher education. To be acceptable for transfer, the work must be of comparable level and content with the degree being sought at Wayland. In no instance will remedial, high school, or duplicate work be accepted for transfer. Acceptability of work for transfer does not imply that it is applicable toward the requirements of a particular degree program. It is the responsibility of the student to provide official transcripts of all college work completed as of the date of the application. Failure to list all colleges attended is considered grounds for denial of admission into Wayland as well as possible immediate suspension for those currently enrolled at Wayland.

The student must provide official copies of transcripts from each institution attended. The records facility of the granting institution must send such transcripts directly to the University Registrar’s office. Students registering at one of the university’s external campuses may have the transcript sent to the external campus executive director/dean. The executive director/ campus dean will then forward the transcript to the Office of the University Registrar. A hand-carried document will be accepted for evaluation if it is in a sealed institution envelope with a school seal, stamp, or signature on the back flap of the envelope. Upon receipt, the documents become the property of Wayland and will not be returned to the student either as originals or as copies. The university’s transcript evaluators are responsible for the evaluation of transfer credit. For courses not previously assessed, a syllabus and course outcomes may be required and reviewed by the school dean for which that course would be considered equivalent to Wayland work. The university’s academic council will hear appeals of decisions made by these evaluators and the judgment of this council is final.

At the undergraduate level, when the content or level renders an equivalency impossible, the work will be given a generic title and number. Under no circumstance will work taken at the freshman or sophomore level count toward satisfying the upper-level requirements established for any degree. Work completed at universities or colleges that are designated as testing schools will be evaluated using the standards established under the advanced standing examination portion of the catalog.

Transfer work will become a part of the student’s record only after matriculation (defined as enrollment continued after census date) and then only when the student has established a course of record. Transfer credit will be assessed and students will be informed of the amount of credit which will transfer, preferably prior to their enrollment, but at least prior to the end of the first academic term in which they are enrolled or permitted. A total of six hours of D grades may be accepted in transfer. No courses with a grade of D will be accepted from an institution at which the student has a GPA of less than a 2.0. A grade of D will not be accepted as transfer for any English course used to fulfill a university or degree specific general education core requirement. A grade of D will not be accepted as transfer into a student’s major, minor or specialization.

Transfer Credit Equivalencies

For purposes of transfer, work taken on a trimester system will be converted to credit hours on a one-to-one basis. If the work was taken on a class hour basis, 15 class hours will be equated to one credit hour. For conversion from quarter hours to credit hours, the following equivalencies have been established:

Quarter Hours   Credit Hours
1 = .66
2 = 1.33
3 = 2.0
4 = 2.66
5 = 3.33
6 = 4

The university will use the summation of the individual course equivalencies from a particular institution to compute GPA and/or credits earned. For credit systems other than those listed above, the university registrar will determine an appropriate mathematical relationship and apply it to the record in question.

Foreign Institutions

Students who wish to transfer work from foreign institutions must submit the following:

  1. Official transcript(s) in the original language sent directly from the issuing institution to the Office of the University Registrar.
  2. Translations of the official transcript(s) into standard English and certified by a translator approved by the university registrar. 
  3. Evaluation of the official transcript must be done by a professional evaluator service.

This evaluation must include appropriate subject identification, upper/lower level designation, and U.S. equivalent GPA calculation. A copy of the results for each transcript must be sent directly to Wayland from the evaluation service. A list of acceptable companies is available from the university registrar or the international admissions representative. The preferred agency is World Education Services, Inc. (WES). WES may be contacted at:

World Education Services, Inc.
P.O. Box 5087
Bowling Green Station
New York, NY 10274-5087
Web Site:

Non-Collegiate Experience

Military Credit

Persons who are currently serving in the military or those who have been granted honorable or general discharge from military service of the United States must request a review of service records for assessment for potential credit for the B.A.S. or B.C.M. degrees per federal policy. The student must provide certified copies of the DD214 or other applicable documents. American Council on Education (ACE) guidelines will be used in the evaluation process.


Credit for non-collegiate experience is awarded only in areas offered within the current curriculum of the university and appropriate to the student’s educational program (i.e., B.A.S., B.C.M., and A.A.S. degrees). It is awarded to matriculated (defined as enrollment after census date) students only. Decisions regarding the awarding and determination of such credit will be made by qualified faculty at the university according to procedures and standards approved by the university’s academic council. These procedures and standards are available in the B.A.S./B.C.M. records office. Credit may be awarded only when there is documentation, which demonstrates achievement equivalent to outcomes specified for courses in the student’s degree program. Credit awards must be supported by documentation indicating the procedure utilized to evaluate the learning and the basis on which the credit was awarded. Credit for non-collegiate work may not duplicate credit previously awarded.

Correspondence and Extension Credit

Although Wayland does not offer either correspondence or extension courses, the university may allow a maximum of 12 semester hours (six in the major) of such credit to be transferred from another institution. For a course to transfer, a minimum grade of C is required. Students may not transfer a course by correspondence in which a D or an F has already been earned in residence.

International and American Study Opportunities

Wayland Baptist University participates in the program. CCCU’s offers students an opportunity to experience the real world and share their faith in either an international or national environment. The Culture Shaping program focuses on participating in the American Studies Program, Contemporary Music Center, and the Los Angeles Film Studies Center. The Culture Crossing program has an international focus with Latin American Studies, Middle East Studies, the Scholars’ Semester in Oxford, Oxford Summer, Australia Studies Centre, and Uganda Studies.

Credit is available for participation in these programs. Students interested in participating in should contact the registrar’s office for more information. Federal financial aid is available for students doing study-abroad programs and should contact the Financial Aid office for more information.

Culture-Shaping Programs

The following program descriptions are from bestsemester. com. For more information visit their website at

The American Studies Program (ASP)

Washington, D.C., is a stimulating educational laboratory for the ASP. Participants explore pressing national and international issues through enrollment in either the Public Policy Initiatives track or Global Humanitarian Enterprise track, which combine seminars led by ASP faculty and Washington professionals with student projects. The internship (20-30 hours per week) is essential to the ASP experience. Students live in the Dellenback Center in the Capital Hill neighborhood. [Students can earn 16 semester hours of credit.]

The Contemporary Music Center (CMC)

The Contemporary Music Center (CMC) provides students with the opportunity to live and work in the refining context of community while seeking to understand how God will have them integrate music, faith and business. The CMC offers three tracks: the Artist, Executive and Technical Tracks. The Artist Track is tailored to students considering careers as vocalists, musicians, songwriters, recording artists, performers and producers. The Executive Track is designed for business, arts management, marketing, communications and related majors interested in possible careers as artist managers, agents, record company executives, music publishers, concert promoters and entertainment industry entrepreneurs. The Technical Track prepares students for careers in live sound, concert lighting and studio recording. Students within each of the tracks receive instruction, experience and a uniquely Christ-centered perspective on creativity and the marketplace, while working together to create and market a recording of original music. Each track includes coursework, labs, directed study and a practicum. [Students earn 16 semester hours of credit.]

The Los Angeles Film Studies Center (LAFSC)

The Los Angeles Film Studies Center (LAFSC) is designed to train students to serve in various aspects of the film industry with both professional skill and Christian integrity. Each semester, students live, learn, and work in L.A. The curriculum consists of two required seminars, Hollywood Production Workshop and Theology in Hollywood, focusing on the role of film in culture and the relationship of faith to work in this very influential industry. In addition, students choose one elective course from a variety of offerings in film studies. Internships in various segments of the film industry provide students with hands-on experience. The combination of the internship and seminars allows students to explore the film industry within a Christian context and from a liberal arts perspective. [Students earn 16 semester hours of credit.]

Culture-Crossing Programs

The following program descriptions are from bestsemester. com. For more information visit their website at

The Australian Studies Centre (ASC)

The Australian Studies Centre (ASC) is a cultural studies program with an arts focus, based in Sydney, Australia. The program is run by the Council for Christian Colleges & Universities (CCCU), an international association of intentionally Christian colleges and universities. Designed to provide undergraduates of all majors and career interests with the opportunity to study the arts and theology in Sydney, the program also emphasizes Indigenous studies and faithful, global involvement.

Cultural Interaction is a large factor of the ASC semester. Students participate in service projects and live in homestays with local families to help them encounter the Australia that tourists never see. From art and ministry to drama and dance, students attending ASC have every opportunity to pursue their passions and interests with other Christians from around North America and the world even as they compare and contrast the Australia of myths and movies with the realities of everyday life. Throughout the semester, ASC students engage the history of Australia’s Indigenous peoples and discover their modern identities and present realities. [ASC students receive 16 semester hours of credit.]

The Latin American Studies Program (LASP)

The Latin American Studies Program (LASP) introduces students to a wide range of experiences through the study of the language, literature, culture, politics, history, economics, ecology and religion of the region. Living with a Costa Rican family, students experience and become a part of the day-to-day lives of Latin Americans. Students also take part in an internship/practicum and travel to nearby Central American nations. Students participate in one of four concentrations: Latin American Studies (offered both fall and spring terms); Advanced Language and Literature (designed for Spanish majors and offered both fall and spring terms); International Business (offered only in fall terms); and Environmental Science (offered only during spring terms). [Students in all concentrations earn 16-18 semester credits.]

The Middle East Studies Program (MESP)

The Middle East Studies Program (MESP), based in Cairo, Egypt, allows Council students to explore and interact with the complex and strategic world of the modern Middle East. The interdisciplinary seminars give students the opportunity to explore the diverse religious, social, cultural and political traditions of Middle Eastern peoples. Students also study the Arabic language and work as volunteers with various organizations in Cairo. Through travel to Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria and Turkey, students are exposed to the diversity and dynamism of the region. At a time of tension and change in the Middle East, MESP encourages and equips students to relate to the Muslim world in an informed, constructive and Christ centered manner. [Students earn 16 semester hours of credit.]

Uganda Studies Program (USP)

Uganda Studies Program (USP) provides students with immersion in a local community and broad exposure to a variety of people and places in Uganda and neighboring Rwanda. Students in the Uganda Studies Emphasis (USE) live on campus at Uganda Christian University in Mukano, Uganda, sharing their lives with university students from Uganda and other nations in Africa. Students in the intercultural Ministry and Missions Emphasis (IMME) live with host families within walking distance of the university, experiencing life as a Ugandan family member. All USP students take classes from UCU professors and share their meals with UCU students. USP students will not leave Uganda without being exposed to and engaged in the realities of African life. [In addition to the core experiential course, students will choose from an approved selection of courses from the UCU Honours College to earn up to 16 hours of credit.]

Programmes in Oxford

The Scholars’ Semester in Oxford (SSO)

The Scholars’ Semester in Oxford (SSO) is designed for students interested in doing intensive scholarship in this historic seat of learning. Working with academic tutors, students hone their skills and delve into the areas that interest them most. As Visiting Students of Oxford University and members of Wycliffe Hall, students have the privilege to study and learn in one of university’s historic halls. SSO students enroll in a Primary and Secondary Tutorial, an Integrative Seminar and the course Christianity and Cultures. The SSO is designed for students interested in the fields of Classics, English & Literature, Theology & Religious Studies, Philosophy, and History, though all majors may apply. Applicants are generally honors and other very high-achieving students. [Students earn 17 semester hours of credit.]

The Oxford Summer Programme (OSP)

The Oxford Summer Programme (OSP) is a program designed for students wishing to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the relationship between Christianity and the development of the British Isles and give more focused attention to topics of particular interest through the seminars which emphasize student learning and research under expert guidance. Seminars (and their attached tutorials) are given on specialized topics under the direction of expert Oxford academics in the areas of history, religious studies, philosophy, English literature, the history of art, and history of science. The programme is structured for rising college sophomores, juniors, and seniors, graduate and seminary students, non-traditional students, teachers, and those enrolled in continuing education programs. [Students earn 6 semester hours of credit.]